Course specification: CIE IGCSE History 0977

This is a stimulating and exciting course that covers international relations from 1917-2000, with depth studies on Germany from 1919-1945 and Russia from 1917-1957. It aims to provide an understanding of many of the key developments of the 20th century.

By the end of the course students will be able to answer questions such as ‘Why did the USA lose the Vietnam War?’ and ‘How did the Holocaust come about?’.

An enquiring mind and an interest in the past are essential.

Paper 1 (40%) includes the following topics:

International Relations since 1919

  • Who was to blame for the Cold War?
  • How effectively did the USA contain the spread of Communism?
  • How secure was the USSR’s control over Eastern Europe, 1948-c.1989?
  • Why did events in the Gulf matter, c.1970-2000?

Germany: Depth Study

  • The effects of defeat and the Treaty of Versailles on Germany
  • The creation of the Weimar Republic and the problems it faced, including the hyperinflation crisis of 1923
  • The rise and rise of the Nazi party from 1919
  • How Hitler was able to become Chancellor in 1933
  • How Hitler turned Germany into a dictatorship
  • Life in the Third Reich including wartime
  • The persecution of minorities including the Jews and the Holocaust

Paper 2 (33%)

This is the source-based element of the course and will focus on an aspect of the 20th century studied for Paper 1. The topic allows a more detailed look at that aspect, and the topic changes with each examination.

Paper 3 (27%) - coursework - this will not be a controlled assessment

We will study Russia between 1917 and 1957 focusing on the significance of Stalin:

  • The February and October revolutions in 1917
  • How the Bolsheviks maintained themselves in power
  • The power struggle after Lenin’s death
  • Stalin’s Russia and the purges
  • Khrushchev’s policy of destalinization